Frequently asked questions relating to hypertension

Does blood pressure depend on low temperatures?

Blood pressure is usually higher in winter than in summer, because the vessels are narrower at low temperatures and more “pressure” is required to transport the blood through the narrowed vessels.
Sudden weather changes may also have an influence on blood pressure, particularly in people over the age of 65.

Is it possible that my blood pressure is higher every time I visit a doctor?

Yes, in this case you may have what is referred to as white coat hypertension. This means that the blood pressure measurement always yields higher results when you visit the doctor than when you are in your familiar environment. This fact is considered to be a reaction to stress; alternatively, it is also regarded as a preliminary stage of hypertension. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring can help clarify the situation. If your blood pressure values are still high when you are in your usual environment, you are in need of treatment.

How does alcohol affect my blood pressure?

Excessive consumption of alcohol increases the blood pressure. You should reduce the amount of alcohol in small steps, since sudden withdrawal may cause a rapid increase or decrease in blood pressure, which may persist for several days.

Is there a connection between the beginning of menopause and hypertension?

The blood pressure increases with the beginning of menopause. Some scientists believe that this is caused by hormonal changes in the female body; others think that high blood pressure is facilitated by weight gain. In some patients, a hormone therapy can cause elevated blood pressure.

How does caffeine affect my blood pressure?

Caffeine may cause a temporary but considerable increase in blood pressure. The exact mechanism has not yet been fully understood. Some people who consume caffeine on a regular basis have a higher blood pressure on average than those who do not drink caffeinated beverages. Others who regularly consume caffeine, in turn, develop a tolerance to it. Consequently, caffeine has no long-term effect on their blood pressure. Caffeine seems to have a stronger effect on blood pressure in people over the age of 70 and in overweight people.